Article Received- 6-2-Algeria-P

Phenolic compounds: structures and activities

Bachir raho ghalem1 and Benali Mohamed2

1University Mustapha Stambouli of Mascara

2University Djillali liabès of Sidi bel abbès

Algeria

Bachir_raho@yahoo.fr – 00213771063841

 

Abstract

Phenolic compounds are secondary metabolites found in most plant tissues, including fruits and vegetables. They are produced via shikimic acid and phenylpropanoid pathways. The most common classification implies the subdivision of phenolic in two main groups: flavonoids (e.g., anthocyanins, flavanols, flavanones, flavonols, flavonones, and isoflanones) and non-flavonoids (e.g., phenolic acids, coumarins, stilbenes, lignans, lignins and tannins) polyphenols. Such variations give them a wide range of biological and potential therapeutic activities such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer, among others. Their structures and functions are much discussed by previous researchers. This review provides a comprehensive overview on phenolic compounds structures and properties.

Keywords: phenolic compounds, structures, activities.