AVAILABILITY OF ESSENTIAL MEDICINES IN PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES OF JIMMA ZONE, SOUTHWEST ETHIOPIA

  • Eyassu Mathewos Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wachamo University, Durame Campus, Durame, Ethiopia.
  • Waju Beyene Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia.
  • Feyera Gebissa Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia.
  • Shimeles Ololo Department of Health Economics, Management and Policy, Health institute, Jimma university P.O Box 375, Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Dejene Melese Department of Health Economics, Management and Policy, Health institute, Jimma university P.O Box 375, Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Tesfaye Dagne Department of Health Economics, Management and Policy, Health institute, Jimma university P.O Box 375, Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Muluneh Getachew Department of Health Economics, Management and Policy, Health institute, Jimma university P.O Box 375, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Abstract

 Background: Availability is the relationship between the type and quantity of product or services needed and the type and quantity of product or services provided. Availability of essential medicines at facility level is an important factor to address patients' satisfaction and increase their health seeking behavior. The objective of this study is to determine the availability and associated factors of essential medicines in public health facilities of Jimma zone, South West Ethiopia.


Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study design was employed. Based on WHO recommendation, thirty health facilities were selected from five districts and six health facilities were chosen from each district of the zone.  Availability of 29 key essential medicines that were selected from 2014 Ethiopian national essential medicine list were checked in stores and dispensaries as well as the store keepers, head of health facilities and dispensaries were selected for interview. The data were checked for completeness, edited, and coded then entered and analyzed using excels 2016 and SPSS version 23. Descriptive statistics were computed and tables, graphs and numerical summary presented results.


Result: Average availability of selected core essential medicines (n=29) was 78.6% in surveyed health facilities. With regard to stock level, 8% of the surveyed medicines were in critical level, 55.2% were in safe level and 36.8% were in over stock level. Six hundred six patients were participated in the study with a response rate of 97%. Among total respondents, 77.7% left the facility with all of their prescribed medicines while 22.3% received only part of their prescribed medicines.


Conclusion: The availability of essential medicines was fairly high in surveyed health facilities during the study period. In this study, many patients seeking treatment in public health facilities failed to obtain significant proportion of prescribed medicines.


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Peer Review History:


Received: 4 November 2021; Revised: 10 December; Accepted: 22 December, Available online: 15 January 2022


Academic Editor:  Dr. A.A. Mgbahurikeorcid22.jpg, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, amaka_mgbahurike@yahoo.com


UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency. 


Received file:blue_23983.gif                Reviewer's Comments:download_logo_r_29189.gif


Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.0/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.0/10


Reviewers:


orcid22.jpgDr. A.A. Mgbahurike, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, amaka_mgbahurike@yahoo.com


orcid22.jpgDr. George Zhu, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, sansan4240732@163.com


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Keywords: Availability, essential medicines, Jimma zone, public facilities

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Mathewos, E., W. Beyene, F. Gebissa, S. Ololo, D. Melese, T. Dagne, and M. Getachew. “AVAILABILITY OF ESSENTIAL MEDICINES IN PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES OF JIMMA ZONE, SOUTHWEST ETHIOPIA”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 6, no. 6, Jan. 2022, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v6i6.698.
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Research Articles