CHILDHOOD URINARY TRACT INFECTION: CLINICAL SIGNS, BACTERIAL CAUSES AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY

  • Abdulrahman A. Ishak Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Republic of Yemen.
  • Abdulrahman M Alhadi Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Republic of Yemen.
  • Khaled Abdulkareem A Al-Moyed Medical Microbiology and Clinical Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.
  • Hassan A. Al-Shamahy Medical Microbiology and Clinical Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.

Abstract

Background and objective: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the neglected infection in children from the side of study its clinical symptoms, causative organisms and their antibiotic sensitivity. This investigation searches for determine clinical symptoms frequency, prevalence rate, bacterial features, and  antibiotic sensitivity of bacterial urinary tract infection in children attending private children’s health center in Sana’a city.


Methods: In a prospective study carried out over a 24-month period, 1925 samples from children patients suspected of having a UTI were investigated, of which 175 were culture-positive. Clinical and demographic data were collected. Isolated bacteria were identified by standard tests, and antibiotic susceptibility was performed by the disk diffusion method.


Results: Fever was the most frequent symptom that occurred (88%) while other UTI symptoms were less frequent than that reported in adult patients for UTI. The most common etiological agent was Escherichia coli (89.7%), followed Staphylococcus aureus (3.4%), Klebsiella spp (2.9%), Proteus spp (2.3%), and beta haemolytic streptococci (1.7%).  Results of antimicrobial resistant for E. coli, as the most prevalent cause of UTI, to commonly used antibiotics are ranged from less than 3% for  levofloxacin, gentamicin,  amikacin and cefoxitin to more than 75% for  tetracycline, nalidixic acid,  doxycycline,  co-trimoxazol and amoxicillin .


Conclusions: The results show the most common  symptom of UTI are fever and lack of more obvious symptoms of UTI in adult patients. The antimicrobial resistance patterns of the causes of UTI are highly changeable and constant surveillance of trends in resistance patterns of uropathogens among children  is essential.


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Peer Review History:


Received: 11 July 2021; Revised: 13 August; Accepted: 5 September, Available online: 15 September 2021


Academic Editor:  Ahmad Najiborcid22.jpg, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia, ahmad.najib@umi.ac.id


UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency. 


Received file:blue_23983.gif                Reviewer's Comments:download_logo_r_29189.gif


Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 6.0/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.0/10


Reviewers:


Dr. Nuray Arıorcid22.jpg, Ankara University, Turkiye, ari@ankara.edu.tr


Dr. Salfarina Ramliorcid22.jpg,  Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. salfarina2892@uitm.edu.my  


Dr. Wadhah Hassan Ali Edreesorcid22.jpg, Hajja University, Yemen, edress2020@gmail.com


Dr. Asia Selman Abdullahorcid22.jpg, University of Basrah, Iraq, asia_abdullah65@yahoo.com


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Keywords: antibiotic resistant, bacterial causes, children, Sana’a, UTI, UTI symptoms, Yemen

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How to Cite
Ishak, A. A., A. M. Alhadi, K. A. A. Al-Moyed, and H. A. Al-Shamahy. “CHILDHOOD URINARY TRACT INFECTION: CLINICAL SIGNS, BACTERIAL CAUSES AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 6, no. 4, Sept. 2021, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v6i4.643.
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Research Articles

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