BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS OF ADULTS: CAUSES AND OPHTHALMIC ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE PATTERNS FOR THE COMMON BACTERIAL ISOLATES

  • Sameha A. Al-Eryani Opthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.
  • Essam Yahya A Alshamahi Opthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.
  • Hassan A. Al-Shamahy Medical Microbiology and Clinical Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.
  • Ghada Hussein A Alfalahi Medical Microbiology and Clinical Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.
  • Abdulrahman Ahmed Al-Rafiq Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen.

Abstract

Background: Bacterial conjunctivitis is often observed in newborns as well as in other age groups. It has been associated with several organisms that differed in their relative importance and varied in their response to ophthalmic antibiotics.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate bacterial conjunctivitis of adult patients by determine the specific bacterial causes and determine the  ophthalmic antibiotic resistance patterns for the bacterial isolates from conjunctivitis patients in Sana’a city, Yemen. 


Methods: Total 521 bacterial swabs obtained from adult patients with suspected bacterial conjunctivitis introducing to the ophthalmology clinics in the tertiary hospitals in Sana’a city, Yemen between September 2016 and October 2017 were investigated for bacteriological agents and antibiotic susceptibility . The clinical samples culturing, and microbiology diagnosis were done at National Center of Public Health laboratories Sana’a (NCPHL). 


Result: Total 521 swab results from conjunctiva were performed, of which 206 (39.5%) were deemed positive for bacterial culture. The isolation rate by bacteria species ranged from 0.5% to 28.2%. In Staphylococcus aureus isolates, ophthalmic antibiotic resistance varied from 10.5% for polymyxin B to 66.7% for erythromycin. In Branhamella catarrahalis isolates, ophthalmic antibiotic resistance ranged from 3.4% for levofloxacin to 69% for erythromycin. In Haemophilus influenzae isolates, ophthalmic antibiotic resistance varied from 0.0% for ciprofloxacin and polymyxin B to 42.1% for erythromycin and azithromycin.


Conclusion: The most common causative organisms in adult age groups were Branhamella catarrahalis and Staphylococcus aureus. Obviously, there is no single drug that treats these various types of bacteria. Therefore, bacteriological culture and sensitivity in the laboratory to ophthalmic antibiotics should be performed as much as possible. But if laboratory facilities are not available, some generalizations can be made as guidelines for treating conjunctivitis.


                   r4.gif


Google_scholar_image26.JPG


Peer Review History:


Received 6 January 2021; Revised 15 February; Accepted 4 March, Available online 15 March 2021


Academic Editor: Rola Jadallahorcid22.jpg, Arab American University, Palestine, rola@aauj.edu


UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main purpose of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency. 


Received file:blue_23983.gif                Reviewer's Comments:download_logo_r_29189.gif


Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 6.0/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.5/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Dr. Bilge Ahsen KARAorcid22.jpgAnkara Gazi Mustafa Kemal Hospital, Turkey, ahsndkyc@gmail.com


Dr. Gulam Mohammed Husainorcid22.jpg, National Research Institute of Unani Medicine for Skin Disorders, Hyderabad, India, gmhusain@gmail.com


Dr. Mujde Eryilmazorcid22.jpg, Ankara University,Turkey, meryilmaz@ankara.edu.tr


Similar Articles:


BACTERIAL CAUSES AND ANTIMICROBIAL SENSITIVITY PATTERN OF EXTERNAL OCULAR INFECTIONS IN SELECTED OPHTHALMOLOGY CLINICS IN SANA’A CITY

Keywords: Adult, bacterial conjunctivitis, causes, ophthalmic antibiotic resistance, Sana’a, Yemen

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Comments

Statistics
112 Views | 155 Downloads
How to Cite
Al-Eryani, S. A., E. Y. A. Alshamahi, H. A. Al-Shamahy, G. H. A. Alfalahi, and A. A. Al-Rafiq. “BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS OF ADULTS: CAUSES AND OPHTHALMIC ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE PATTERNS FOR THE COMMON BACTERIAL ISOLATES”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 6, no. 1, Mar. 2021, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v6i1.535.
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>