THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIABETES MELLITUS AND TUBERCULOSIS IN REVIEW OF PREVALENCE, DIAGNOSTICS AND PREVENTION
Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by M. tuberculosis, also known as Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. There is a bidirectional relationship between TB and diabetes, and they both impact the presentation of each other. Diabetes is being increasingly recognized as a risk factor for TB. The expected rise in diabetes cases in developing countries having the brunt of tuberculosis would increase the influence of diabetes on TB in the coming future. The impact and relationship between TB and diabetes will vary across different regions of the world depending on the incidence and prevalence of each condition. Patient education is so important in understanding the disease nature (both TB and diabetes), duration of treatment, side effects of drugs, and complications of disease as well as the promotion of healthy lifestyle choices. The objective of this review is to determine the prevalence, diagnostic and prevention strategy between diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis. The selected studies were identified using Pub Med database. The identified studies define lifestyle as important risk factor that may worsen the progression of the disease. This article also discussed about the prevalence of tuberculosis-diabetes mellitus over a span of 8 years.
Peer Review History:
Received 13 August 2019; Revised 24 August; Accepted 6 September, Available online 15 September 2019
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Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 8/10