INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE: CLINICAL FEATURES AND MANIFESTATIONS BEYOND THE BOWEL
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) encompasses a spectrum of diseases, with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) representing the two broadest subtypes of IBD. Multiple extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) are more frequent in (IBD); 5% –50% of the patients might be affected. The most often implicated sites of manifestations are musculoskeletal and dermatological structures. However, while some symptoms like peripheral arthritis and erythema nodosum correlate with IBD progression, others have their own course of disease like axial arthropathy, gangrenosis of the pioderma and primary sclerosic cholangitis. This review would provide a summary of the most frequent EIMs and their prevalence.
Peer Review History:
Received 31 May 2020; Revised 7 June; Accepted 4 July, Available online 15 July 2020
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Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.5/10
Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.0/10
Name: Dr. Md. Parwez Ahmad
Affiliation: National Medical College, Birgunj, Nepal
Name: Dr. George Zhu
Affiliation: Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Comments of reviewer(s):