THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIABETES MELLITUS AND TUBERCULOSIS IN REVIEW OF PREVALENCE, DIAGNOSTICS AND PREVENTION

  • Tan Celine School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xiamen University Malaysia.
  • Chai Jia Yee School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xiamen University Malaysia.
  • Muhammad Shahzad Aslam School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xiamen University Malaysia.

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by M. tuberculosis, also known as Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. There is a bidirectional relationship between TB and diabetes, and they both impact the presentation of each other. Diabetes is being increasingly recognized as a risk factor for TB. The expected rise in diabetes cases in developing countries having the brunt of tuberculosis would increase the influence of diabetes on TB in the coming future. The impact and relationship between TB and diabetes will vary across different regions of the world depending on the incidence and prevalence of each condition. Patient education is so important in understanding the disease nature (both TB and diabetes), duration of treatment, side effects of drugs, and complications of disease as well as the promotion of healthy lifestyle choices. The objective of this review is to determine the prevalence, diagnostic and prevention strategy between diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis. The selected studies were identified using Pub Med database. The identified studies define lifestyle as important risk factor that may worsen the progression of the disease. This article also discussed about the prevalence of tuberculosis-diabetes mellitus over a span of 8 years.


 Peer Review History:


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 Received file


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Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 8/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Name: Dr. Nuray Ari


Affiliation: Ankara University, Turkiye


E-mail: ari@ankara.edu.tr


Comments of reviewer(s):


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Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, risk factors, tuberculosis
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How to Cite
Celine, T., C. J. Yee, and M. S. Aslam. “THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIABETES MELLITUS AND TUBERCULOSIS IN REVIEW OF PREVALENCE, DIAGNOSTICS AND PREVENTION”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 4, no. 4, Sept. 2019, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v4i4.300.
Section
Review Articles