SERO-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HEPATITIS B, C, HIV AND TREPONEMA PALLIDUM AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN HODEIDA CITY- YEMEN

  • Ahmed Mohsen Al-kadassy Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hodeidah University, Hodeidah city, Yemen.
  • Abdulmalik Faisal Saleh Al-Ashiry Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hodeidah University, Hodeidah city, Yemen.
  • Hassan Abdulwahab Al-Shamahy Medical Microbiology and Clinical Immunology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Republic of Yemen. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6958-7012

Abstract

Objective: Infections transmitted in blood transfusions are the most significant concern associated with blood donation. The purpose of this study was to establish the current prevalence of hepatitis viruses (B and C), HIV and T. pallidium among blood donors at National Blood Transfusion and Research Center (NBTRC) Hodeida Branch, Hodeida city, Yemen.


Methods: Serological markers of HBV, HCV, HIV 1, 2, T. pallidium antibodies were studied in 25446 (males) using commercially available kits, over a period of 3 years from January 2016 to April 2018 at National Blood Transfusion and Research Center (NBTRC) Hodeida Branch , Hodeida city, Yemen. Also, the prevalence of confirmed-positive test results of these infections was evaluated among different ages.


Results: The sero-prevalence of HBV, HCV, HIV, T. pallidium infections based on confirmation tests, were 0.74%, 0.19%, 0.38% and 0.18% respectively. The prevalence of HBV was significantly higher in age groups 37-46 years and 47-56 years with significant associated OR equal to 2.3 (p<0.001) and OR=2.7 (p=0.02) respectively. The prevalence of HCV was significantly higher in age groups 47-56 years with significant associated OR equal to 6.5 (p=0.003).  The prevalence of T. pallidium was significantly higher in age group 37-46 years with significant associated OR equal to 3.6 (p<0.001).


Conclusion: This study highlights the prevalence of HBV, HCV, HIV, and T. pallidium among different male ages. The prevalence varies from one age group to another, being the lowest among younger and very older age groups. Therefore, extensive recruitment of young donors should help ensure a long-term increase in the blood supply without jeopardizing safety.


Peer Review History:


Received 24 April 2019;   Revised 31 April; Accepted 3 May, Available online 15 May 2019


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 Received file


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Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 6/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 9/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Name: Dr. A.A. Mgbahurike


Affiliation: University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria


E-mail: amaka_mgbahurike@yahoo.com


Comments of reviewer(s):


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Keywords: Blood donors, HBV, HCV C, HIV, Hodeida city, T. pallidium, Yemen
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How to Cite
Al-kadassy, A. M., A. F. S. Al-Ashiry, and H. A. Al-Shamahy. “SERO-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HEPATITIS B, C, HIV AND TREPONEMA PALLIDUM AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN HODEIDA CITY- YEMEN”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 4, no. 2, May 2019, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v4i2.256.
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Research Articles