PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY POTENTIAL EVALUATIONS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF COCOS NUCIFERA (L.) LEAVES
Objective: Cocos nucifera (L.) (Arecaceae) is commonly called the ‘‘coconut tree’’ and is the most naturally widespread fruit plant on Earth. Throughout history, humans have used medicinal plants therapeutically, and minerals, plants, and animals have traditionally been the main sources of drugs. The objective in the present study was to screen the phytochemical profile and pharmacological activities of methanolic extract of coconut leaves.
Methods: To investigate pharmacological activities DPPH scavenging assay and HRBC membrane stabilization methods were performed for antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential respectively.
Results: The pharmacological studies revealed that the plant extracts may have significant antioxidant effect which is probably mediated by inhibition of DPPH free radical. The IC50 values by DPPH scavenging assay observed for standard and leaves were 97.29µg/ml and 486.78µg/ml respectively. Thus, this plant extracts have significant antioxidant effect. It also had moderate anti-inflammatory activity. The IC50 values for anti-inflammatory activity by standard and coconut leaves were 21.46 µg/ml and 831.21 µg/ml respectively. These findings suggest that Cocos nucifera (L.) may be a possible source for the development of a newanti-inflammatory drug.
Conclusion: The phytochemical analysis of methanolic extract of coconut leaves showed that they contained significant presence of flavonoids, phenols, saponins, terpenoids and triterpenes. Alkaloids, glycosides and tannins are also moderately present. Quantitative evaluations show significant presence of phenols which was more than tannin content.
Peer Review History:
Received 27 March 2019; Revised 9 April; Accepted 2 May, Available online 15 May 2019
UJPR follows the most transparent and toughest ‘Advanced OPEN peer review’ system. The identity of the authors and, reviewers will be known to each other. This transparent process will help to eradicate any possible malicious/purposeful interference by any person (publishing staff, reviewer, editor, author, etc) during peer review. As a result of this unique system, all reviewers will get their due recognition and respect, once their names are published in the papers. We expect that, by publishing peer review reports with published papers, will be helpful to many authors for drafting their article according to the specifications. Auhors will remove any error of their article and they will improve their article(s) according to the previous reports displayed with published article(s). The main of it is ‘to improve the quality of a candidate manuscript’. Our reviewers check the ‘strength and weakness of a manuscript honestly’. There will increase in the perfection, and transparency.
Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5/10
Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 8/10
Name: Dr. Taiwo O Elufioye
Affiliation: University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Comments of reviewer(s):
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHIC OF PRUNUS DULCIS (ALMOND) MEDICINAL PLANT LEAVES USED IN FOLK MEDICINE FOR TREATMENT OF WOUNDS AND BURNS IN HUFASH DISTRICT AL MAHWEET GOVERNORATE–YEMEN