AWARENESS AMONGST YOUTH ABOUT USE AND ABUSE OF STEROIDS IN KARACHI, PAKISTAN

  • Auwais Ahmed Khan Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Sana Ghayas Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Amna Mehtab Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Umm-e- Aaiman Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Mehak Idrees Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9617-765X
  • Fakhsheena Anjum Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

Abstract

Aim of present study was to analyze awareness regarding the use of steroids in the youth studying health sciences.  A descriptive, observational study was conducted from September to December 2017. Youth studying health sciences aged 21–25 years in Karachi were recruited for the study, among which (n=179) 50.99% were pharmacy students and (n=172) 49% were studying allied health sciences. Descriptive statistics (SPSS version 16.0) was used to analyze the results. Out of 400 questionnaires, the response rate was 87.75%. Majority students were knowledgeable about steroids and (72.64%) agreed that steroids should be sold as prescription only medicine in Pakistan (p= 0.00).Most of them n=147 (41.88%) had no idea about various modes of steroid abuse (p=0.00).Many participants (n= 109;31.05%) thought that steroids were found in toothpaste and dentifrices, cosmetics and ophthalmic preparations; n= 135 (38.46%) had no idea whether or not the steroids had interactions with opiates and cocaine, alcohol and benzodiazepines. The perception was seen in n= 118 (33.61%) persons that nutritional alternative/supplements could be used to reduce steroid abuse; n= 79 (22.50%) used steroids for grooming upon prescription by medical practitioner. Allergic reactions were thought as the mild side effects of steroid use by n= 100 (28.24%) while n= 166 (47.29%) considered kidney and liver diseases as severe side effects of steroid use (p=0.00).  It was noted that comprehensive information about the steroids was required by youth since they were studying health sciences. Some modifications in the curriculum have to be made for providing more information about substances like steroids to the health sciences students as steroids have a great impact not only physically but also psychologically.


Peer Review History:


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Received file


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Average Peer review marks at initial stage: 5.5/10


Average Peer review marks at publication stage: 7.5/10


Reviewer(s) detail:


Name: Antonio José de Jesus Evangelista


Affiliation: Federal University of Ceará, UFC, Brazil


E-mail: tony_biomed@hotmail.com


 


Name: Dr. Ali Abdullah Al-yahawi


Affiliation: Al-Razi university, Department of Pharmacy, Yemen


E-mail: alyahawipharm@yahoo.com


Comments of reviewer(s):


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Keywords: abuse, anabolic androgenic steroids, Steroids misuse
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How to Cite
Khan, A. A., S. Ghayas, A. Mehtab, U.- e- Aaiman, M. Idrees, and F. Anjum. “AWARENESS AMONGST YOUTH ABOUT USE AND ABUSE OF STEROIDS IN KARACHI, PAKISTAN”. Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 3, no. 4, Sept. 2018, doi:https://doi.org/10.22270/ujpr.v3i4.184.
Section
Research Articles

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